Countries consider the future of the electric car | Drive


Electric cars are recharged in a street in Oslo, the Norwegian capital, on April 30, 2019. – AFP photo

PARIS, August 9 – The United States has joined a string of other countries that have set deadlines to phase out fossil-fueled cars in favor of an electric future as the world seeks to curb the effects of climate change.

Here are some of the plans:

2025 for the forerunner of Norway

Norway wants all new cars to be zero-emission vehicles by 2025.

The Nordic country, which is ironically the largest oil producer in Western Europe, aims for all new cars to be “zero emissions” – that is, electric or hydrogen – by 2025.

UK, Singapore and Israel look to 2030

Last year British Prime Minister Boris Johnson announced a 10 point plan for a “green industrial revolution” to tackle climate change, which included a ban on sales of new gasoline and diesel vehicles by 2030 .

Singapore and Israel have set a similar deadline.

The United States halfway through 2030

Unlike other countries, the United States does not yet ban all fossil fuel cars.

President Joe Biden on Thursday announced a target for half of all cars sold in the United States to be zero-emission vehicles by 2030.

Its plan includes both fully electric cars and plug-in hybrids, which still have combustion engines.

California has set its own goal of getting fossil-fueled cars off the road, with a rule requiring all in-state sales of new passenger cars and trucks to be zero-emissions by 2035.

Canada has set a target for 2040.

EU 2035 targets

The European Commission wants to end the sale of new gasoline and diesel cars by 2035, as part of a massive plan to fight climate change unveiled in July. The ban would include hybrids.

Within the European Union, Ireland, the Netherlands and Sweden have set a more ambitious target for 2030.

European automakers have broadened their offerings of electric and hybrid cars, and sales have skyrocketed in Europe, overtaking the Chinese market last year. But fully electric cars only made up 7.5% of sales.

Vague targets in China and Japan

China, the world’s largest polluter and largest auto market, has not set a date, but domestic automakers have invested heavily in electric cars, thanks to generous subsidies.

The government announced in 2017 its intention to phase out fossil-fueled cars, without setting a date for taking them off the road.

Beijing aims for 25% of new car sales to be new energy vehicles – which include electric and hybrid vehicles – by 2025. They are expected to dominate the market by 2035, according to a 2020 government document.

The Japanese government wants to ban the sale of fossil fuel cars by mid-2030.

Electric and hybrid vehicles will be the only new sales authorized on the market.

Developing countries

Some emerging countries have set targets, although new car sales are low and electric vehicles are expensive in these markets.

India wants electric cars to account for 30% of sales by 2030.

Cape Verde wants clean cars to represent 100% of the market in 2035 while Costa Rica has set a date of 2050. – AFP

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