The glorious revolts in Sudan against political nonsense
Okello Oculi writes that people have lost confidence in the military.
Television footage of lean, skinny young men and women punching and addressing rallies has a long history of strong female ancestors, mass uprisings, and wars for freedom and sovereignty. The military gunshots also hide records of mass civilian protests prompting the military to overthrow oppressive leaders.
In 1811, the Ja’alin, a people mixed with black Nubians and Arab immigrants, slaughtered the Egyptians who sought to impose their rule on the northern banks of the Nile. This legacy would be followed by the followers of a Mahdi whose popular uprising slaughtered the Ottoman Turks and their British and European mercenaries who carried out brutal economic exploitation in the fertile alluvial plains of the Gezira.
The majority of Mahdist fighters came from Darfur where the leader came from. Professor Mahmud Mamdani claimed that after 1920, British colonial officials designed tribal conflicts to erode the nationalist solidarity that the Mahdist war had generated. However, in 1958, students and politicians united on the streets of Khartoum and Omdurman and ousted General Aboud from power.
The active interference of Egyptian spies in Sudan’s electoral and parliamentary politics has led to unstable alliances and the rise and fall of governments. In 1989, Omar Bashir, a senior military intelligence officer, evolved the use of so-called devotion to Islam to attract political loyalties from people around the dynasties of the Mahdi and Khatmiya electoral families. Bashir used his training as an intelligence officer to compile lists of critics and potential opposition to arrests, torture in prison, humiliation and dismissal.
Her party supporters have exploited Sharia injunctions to target educated women for harassment: grab them and drag them to police stations and accuse them of “indecent dress” in public. As a people associated with a legacy of the Mahdist revolt, the people of Darfur have become the target of hostile treatment. A 2018 report said that “Darfuris” who have successfully secured government jobs are often denied promotions; their businessmen “have to pay ‘additional levies'”, “while those in the security forces will probably remain in the lower ranks.”
Students participating in protests risked being shot, arrested and tortured in detention; while most Darfuris held menial jobs and lived in slums outside the outskirts of Khartoum and Omdurman and other major cities. They share poverty and slums with others who have migrated from outlying regions to Khartoum, Omdurman and Khartoum North – located in the center of the country. The Ja’alin elite concentrated their services in this central area; becoming the target of hostile protests against discrimination, inequality and impunity.
The National Intelligence and Security Services (NISS) focused on the Zhagawa, Masaalit and Four peoples of Darfur with a policy of burning their villages, massacres and occupation of their lands by cattle herders and herders. Arabized Janjaweed camels. These internally displaced persons (IDPs) have become dependent on international “humanitarian aid agencies”. This governance of permanent violence against the target populations has become the core of political idiocy.
In the history of Britain, France, China and Japan, the idiocy of the ruling elites ended by chopping off the heads of kings and their aristocratic allies. Mao Zedung’s army chopped off the heads of cruel landlords; Japanese Meiji reformers chopped off the heads of corrupt, predatory and cruel Tokugawa rulers, while British business circles chopped off the heads of their greedy King Charles to move towards codes of democratic governance. Sudan did not resort to regicide; not even against the murderous military dictator, General Jaafar Nimeiry.
Nimeiry and Bashir led ruling elites very blinded by political idiocy. Both have gone to war against the opposition in South Sudan to deflect the failures and corruption of their governments. They sparked racist and religious hatred against a resistant liberation movement led by a charismatic and highly educated former military officer, John Garang. Almost blinded by the interest of multinational corporations in South Sudan’s mineral resources, Khartoum’s elite Ja’alin have carried out massacres of more than three million people in the region during more than 30 years of struggle. army led by the Sudan People’s Liberation Movement (SPLM).
The collective humiliation of 2011 when South Sudan became a separate country marked the peak of earnings from this political idiocy. The mass protests in 2018 and 2021 were fueled by anger over three decades of failed and oppressive regimes and underdevelopment. Emaciated youth who bleed military bullets while refusing to accept defeat are fueled by a long glorious legacy of fighting for freedom, sovereignty and justice. Their example joins the river of wars of liberation in Tunisia, Algeria, southern Africa, Guinea Bissau and Cape Verde.
The “mass demonstration of millions” on October 30, 2021 chanting that people “don’t want the military to take power and rule”; with a worker crippling Port Said – the country’s commercial window; raises doubts about the NATIONAL character and the legitimacy of the army.